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tv   News  Al Jazeera  April 19, 2014 4:00pm-5:01pm EDT

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see it yourselves. >> taking viewers beyond the debate. >> don't miss al jazeera america's critically acclaimed series borderland on al jazeera america also available on demand this is al jazeera live from new york city. i am jonathan betz with today's top stories. >> i bow my head in apology for the families of the victims. >> apologies from the captain of that ferry that sank in south korea. he explains why passengers were told to stay put. searching for survivors, an avalanche wipes out a team of men climbing the world's tallest mountain. >> a good drug to save us from the bad ones. a good medicine that referses
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the effects of overdosing. victim's families. he and two crew members were arrested for neg lunch he knew. the official death towll is 36. families are being asked to give dna samples. harry fawsett has more. and around the sunken ferry. for the first time, authorities said bodies had been seen on
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board. >> a diver discovered three bodies but he had to come out of the water due to floating objects. >> a dramatic shift in the boat's position. officials admitting what families first made public, that it had tilted over on its side, making access more difficult. >> for the families here at the port, it's become a familiar feel that officials aren't telling them everything that they know. some feel the undersea movement means any air pockets have gone and with them, any hope of survivors. others are still clinging on to hope. >> there is a growing feeling here that this operation is moving into recovery mode. a veteran special forces divers back from the scene told us time had run out. >> when there was talk of an air pocket, that was when part of the ship was above the water. as of now, i don't believe any air pocket exists. >> so parents who had agreed to began submitting dna samples with recovery of bodies said to
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be a lengthy process. the reality is that dna is likely to be crucial in identifying their children. as continuing anger at the captain and crew who and in court on negligence and breaking maritime law, the captain offered apologies to the parents and said he delayed the order to abandoned ships because rescue boats hadn't yet reached the scene. >> translator: the current was very strong. the temperature of the water was cold. and i thought if people left the ferry without guidance, if they were not wearing a life jacket, and ifp even if they were, they would drift away and face many other problems. >> the body of the missing students' vice principal who committed suiciding a before rescued from the ferry was brought home. this town is bracing for hundreds more funerals in the coming days and weeks. south korea. >> as you have seen, it's been antagonizing week for the families of the missing
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passengers. many are staying at a gymnasium near the harbor where the ferry went under. adrienne brown has their story. >> it is one of the saddest places on earth. the gymnasium that is now a temporary home to families of the missing and where grief is all around you. among those enduring another agonizing day, kim jung wa, who is 16-year-old daughter remains unaccounted for. these are recent pictures of kim on the left, a daughter her mother describes as intelligent, optimistic and above all, fun. >> she was a daughter and a friend. >> a daughter she wants to believe is still alive. mrs. kim, a devout christian, got the last call from her daughter at 9:56 a.m. on wednesday morning when the ferry was listing dangerously to one side. >> she said, mom, quickly pray to god. we are also praying. so, i hope god is protecting her.
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if god decides to take her, there is nothing i can do. >> she's getting by on two hours' sleep a day and spends most of her time watching the rolling news coverage of the disaster. >> they have been through the full range of emotions, anger, denial and now, increasingly for some, acceptance that they may never see their child again. mrs. kim's husband has spent the past four days demanding answers from the authorities, challenging officials over the true state of the stricken vessel. his daughter did manage to call him twice. he told her to stay on board. >> as of now, i don't know whether those kids are there alive or dead. i just want to believe that they are alive. but in reality, i think they are dead. >> like many parents of the missing, he is angry and frustrated over the official response to this tragedy and why no one can still plane how this all happened.
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a adrian brown, al jazeera, south kor korea. >> the search for flight 370, malaysia's transport ministry said the underwater drone search should be over by next week. they are scanning six miles of the indian ocean based upon where sonar pings were heard. australian officials are confident the sounds came from the flight's black box. >> the narrowing of the search for today and tomorrow is at a very critical juncture. so, i appeal to everybody around the world to pray and pray hard that with find something to work on over the next couple of days. >> the transportation minister added search crews may need to change their approach if they don't soon find anything. but he promised not to give up. searchers on mount everest are digging on snow to find three people missing after an
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avalanche. 13 sherpa guides died yesterday. their bodies have been returned to relatives. they were fixing ropes for other climbers when the avalanche hit. earlier, al jazeera spoke to ed marsek who knew 1 of the sherpas who died. >> they believe the world should know about the conditions that they work under. to extend the climb this year, to one year, we have 16 dead and seven people in the hospital. we are asking for next year. it would be at good way to show the world that these people are very -- in a dangerous
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occupation th occupation. dozens of girls who escaped from kidnappers in nigeria have been reunited with their families but a rescue operation is ongoing for 85 who remain missing. police are searching the nearby forests known to hide members of the group, boca haram. the latest from the capitol >> reporter: four days after they have been taken from their school, less than half of the girls who were kidnapped from the high school have been reunited with their families. now, authorities say they have launched a big manhunt to try to rescue these girls from their abductors. boca aram is suspected to have carried out that attack on this girls' school and they are expected to have taken them to the forest. local vigilianities are trying to rescue them. they haven't claimed responsibility but the finger of blame is pointing to go that group. >> move to go south sudan, the government has sent soldiers to
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secure a united nations base there. gunmen opened fire on thursday killing 58 people in that compound. most were refugees sheltering there. the u.n. called the assault a war crime, but as al jazeera anna kabel reports, south sudan blames peacekeepers for proce provoking the attack. >> this is bora town that has changed hands between government and rebels several times since december. it's been in south sudanesse control since late january. the situation is volatile. >> we are ready for any eventuality. what happened yesterday in bor was that a group of 350 men, women and even some children decided to walk towards our peacekeeping base. we were led to believe that they were going to hand over a petition regarding the work of the united nations in bor. upon arrival at our base, part of that group broke off action and they went towards the area of the base which is where we
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are protecting civilians and they opened fire. now we immediately returned fire and we have used lethal force to repel the attack. >> the u.n. made a statement condemning the violence saying what happened in bor constitutes a war crime. it recommendmind the governments have a responsibility to protect basis in the country. for their part, the ministers of the government say that the u.n. peacekeepers provoked the crowd. >> the force shot bullets in the air. shooting bullets in the air provoked this situation. and as a result, figa fight ens between the youth, the enemy's force and the peace on one side.
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the past week's have seen the town of bente taken by rebel forces. the state is rich in oil and, therefore, strategically important to both sides. the rebels and government are supposed to be observing a cease fire brokered in late january. this week, the rebel leader told reporters he was talking signature sudan's capitol and its oil fields. anna kavel, juba. russia finally, admitted it sent thousands of soldiers to the border because of the crisis in ukraine. for months, the kremlin insisted it was an exercise but tensions in ukraine continue to run high. armed protesters in the east are refusing to abide by a deal leaders reached this week. jackie rowland reports. >> across easternvan, the stand-off continues, pro-russian demonstrators are ignoring calls for them to take down the barricades. in the city ofsl slova is nsky,
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the mood is defiant and they say they will not back down until they are given a vote on the future of their region. >> everything is calm. for all of this to be sorted, a referendum has to take place so that people can express their opinions? >> i think there is never fog to be a united ukraine. some will go to the european uni union; some to russia. it's the same scene here in donetsk leaders of the rebellion say they won't leave the administration building until the interim government in kiev steps down. we didn't come here to bow in front of this government. not at all. people don't have weapons here as you see. we came to hold a referendum >> reporter: a new opinion poll carried out across eastern ukraine reflects this widespread mistrust of the authorities in kiev but the poll also suggests
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that those who want to break away from ukraine and join russia are in the minority. they control the television station. residents will have been able to hear the kremlin spokesman justify the buildup of russian troops along ukrainian's border. >> some are based there permanently. others are there to reinforce a backdrop of what is happening in ukraine where there has just been a military coup. any country is going to take precautionary measures to ensure the security >> reporter: so it's deadlock. the protesters in the east believe the interim government in kiev is illegal while people in kiev describe these protesters as rebels and sep rat tests. the om. jackie roland, al jazeera, d
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donetsk. >> mark jacobson, a fellow at the german marshall fund at the united states? >> thanks for having me. >> how does this end? what needs to be done to try to convince these militants in each earn ukraine to accept deal russia, europe and ukraine came to? >> the mistrust of parts of the ukrainian population for their government is really at the heart of what's going on here. so the short answer is: there is going to have to be a long-term process to rebuild that trust. >> will include efforts from the international community to help the ukrainian government be more effective but in the end, it's going to have to come from within. there will need to be dialogue and less violence and fewer protests and finally, a much less interference from the outside. by that, i do mean russia. >> how do you rebuild the trust between kiev and the protesters? especially since i imagine the kiev government thinks they have done nothing wrong. >> even if the kiev government thinks it has done nothing wrong
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and i think they understand that there needs to be some sort of reconciliation, this is not yet a full-scale civil war. this isn't even close but at the same time, what the government in kiev needs to recognize is that throughout the election process, there has to be numerous attempts made to demonstrate that the views of those who want to see less control from kiev and greater relationships with russia while not being the popular views necessarily are ones that are included in the discussion. what the this -- so the number one issue will be for the government in kiev to ensure free and fair e elections where a fullration of views and setting up the next leadership? kiev will be absolutely critical to bringing some of these challenges to a conclusion. >> isn't that something that the kiev government has already promised, free and fair e elections? presidential e elections are scheduled for a couple of weeks from now in late may. >> i believe they have done t s
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this. you look at the people in donetsk and they are being -- the amount of russian propagandaa is unimaginable in terms of anything we have seen since the end of the cold war. so this is where i get to the fact that outside interference is going to try and shape what's happening. i think the russians would be happy not simply to see -- i think the russians would be very happy to see continued instability and perhaps even a postponement of the e elections in may. >> do you join the others who think russia is pulling the strings here in eastern ukraine and they are the ones coordinating these attacks on government buildings. i feel what they are simply doing is taking the sort of resentment for the government in kiev that's already existed the. they are pushing it to a level where there are now active protests. more importantly, i think the violence and intimidation you
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are seeing, that's a typically russian way of going out and undermining a legitimate government. >> a lot of indications 3 leading to the believe russia is behind what's happening there. thank you for your time today. >> my pleasure. >> and joining us for tomorrow night for the week ahead. we will take a look at russia's approach to foreign policy in light of the ukrainian crisis. tomorrow night at 8:30 eastern, 5:30 pacific. a silent deal in ukraine between all sides that they won't strike on east earn weekend. in russia, politics was set aside as thousandses attended a service in moscow. notice jerusalem, thousands of it christians celebrated with a holy fire ceremony. holy fire is considered a miracle occurring every saturday before orthodox easter sunday. thousands pack into an ancient church believed to be on the site of jesus's crucification
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and light candles with fire, passing it to those celebrating outside. at the vatican, crowds gathered for the official easter vigil of the catholic church. pope francis led thousands in prayer. thousands will gather tomorrow morning at saint peter square for easter sunday mass. christians consider it to be the holiest day of the year. >> still ahead on al jazeera america. >> this leg was ripped off. i was on fire. >> reporter: >> remembering the terror in boston a year ago as the city focuses on running again on monday. later, it's 500 light years away and in the perfect position to support life as we know it. vé
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syrian activists say one week ago, the government attacked doctors and patients at a hospital in hama. one doctor said chemicals from
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barrels were dropped on the area. here is more. >> they gasp for air and choke. everyone shown at this hospital has the same symptoms and whatever the cause, it hasn't discriminated. these are victims of a crem cal attack outside the city of hama al jazeera cannot independently verify these videos but they appear consistent with reports of the attack believed to be the third in the past week. the rebels and government forces blackie each other for using the poisonous gast. this activist video is set to show an unexploded canister
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dropped in an air track with a chemical certafor chlorine gas. until the end of june to abandoned the program, but the handover is running several weeks behind schedule. it's emerged in recent days that rebel fighters have acquired sophisticated and toe anti-take missiles. it's not clear who supplied the weapons or where they came from. the fighting hasn't abated. it's not just syrians suffering. pam stennians in damasc us have no food. the united nations says supplies have run out and continue flighting is preventing the deliver of aid. hunger, disease, death, a cycle that's come to define syria's war. gerald tan, al jazeera. >> thousands gather they are morning to remember the oklahoma
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city bombing. today marks the 19th anniversary of the day timothy mcveigh detonated a truck full of explosives in fronts of the federal building. 168 people were killed. it remained most destructive act of terrorism on u.s. soil until the september 11th attacks. the annual memorial honors those who lost their lives and rescue user who worked to save them. >> on the monday, the boston marathon will be run for the 118th time. 136,000 people will participate with a million spectators cheering them on. the tragic events much a year ago will be on everyone's mind, especially the survivors. >> the crowd had gone from cheers and applause for the runners to screams and cries, the noises, the explosion and the chaos from the crowd, it was a bad size. >> jp and paul in orderham were standing along boilston street
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in boston last year waiting for a friend to finish the marathon when they heard the first explosion closer to the finish line. >> i thought it was probably a gas explosion. i saw a blame on the side of the building. >> they tried to get away from the crowd by climbing over the barricades, but there was not enough time. twelve seconds later another explosion erupted right next to them. >> when i looked down, this leg was ripped off and i was on fire. i definitely was in shock. i wanted to reach my leg, but for some reason, my body wouldn't let me. >> nearby medics and ordinary people rushed to help them by tying tourniquets. they are working on jp here and paul over here in that moment, both men lost their right legs bonding the brothers in a brand-new way. only a couple of years apart, they were already close. they ate meals together and played basketball nearly every day. >> we don't do some of the stuff
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we used to do, not yet. i will go to house and play pool. we eat, of course. we are getting back to our new normal. >> to document their journey to this new normal, the brothers wrote a book titled "twice as strong: 12 seconds, two brothers and the marathon that changed their lives. >> we definitely see life different now than we did then. they endured nearly 50 surgeries. they suffered burns on more than half of their bodies. paul spent eight days in a coma. >> i cried every day he was in the coma. >> when he came out, his first thought, his long-time girlfriend jackie might not want to be with an amputee. she was seriously injured in the attack and it only made them closer. last summer, they bought a house together and in december, they took another big step in their relationship that involved a wedding themed christmas tree. then he just asked me to marry
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him. >> i didn't drop to one knee. >> he had an excuse. >> sorry, i only got one knee. no. i am just kidding. >> yes, humor helps them heal. >> how was that? pretty good? >> no. >> but it was their family and friends who truly gave them strength. none more than their mom. >> when paul got out of his coma, i thought everything was going to be okay. and it was turning around for him and jp decided to start a turn. infection started setting in for him. it was like good news from one hospital and bad news from another. >> one year later, liz norton is grateful her sons are alive but marathon monday changed her, too. >> even though they are fine with it and they have accepted it. for me, it's real sad. you know, the simple things they used to do now become a challenge, and i am talking just every aspect of their lives. so, it's a little -- a little sad >> reporter: in the past year, the norton brothers have only been back to the bombing site
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here once. that was for a fundraiser to raise money for their prosthetic legs. otherwise, they really have no interest being here. they say they just don't want to look back at the past anymore. instead, they have their sights set on the future. physically recovery is far from over. jp is still in pain when he walks. he has to have at least two more surgeries on his leg again. but emotionally? >> i think i am happier now than i was a year ago. i would almost say it's like the best year of my life because i got to buy a house with her. we gotten engaged. >> it's that realization that prepared these brothers to share their story, not just about surviving but about living life to the fullest. >> don't wait for a tragedy to change your life. i think it took a tragedy for us to open our eyes and find out how good life is and what you take for granted in a day. >> erica pitzy, al jazeera,bot. >> inspiring story there. still to come on al jazeera america, the fight to save a
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city. turning detroit around after decades of decline. >> you would debate that it's the best sound experience. >> the enduring popularity of the good ol' final record.
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police are searching in nearby forest known to hide members of the extremist group, boca horum.
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>> at one of point, detroit was the economic engine, when gm sneezed, the rest of the world caught a cold. now motor city is bankrupt. in detroit's court town, the abandoned train station has become a symbol of the plight afflicted by urban decay, at the time presidenty crime, the small community endured tough times. 36-year-old phil cooley is trying to change the narrative. >> everything shifts and changes. we try to accommodate their growth. >> a former fashion model opened a successful restaurant in court town over 10 years ago. now, he is in the business of helping others. >> this is what started off as a dance studio and became dancing. >> he purchased this 30,000 square foot abandoned warehouse
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for $100,000. >> it had a negative history in our commune did i. we wanted today see how it could have a positive future. >> today, it's an enclave of small creative entrepreneurs called pony ride. in a bankrupt city where the jobless rate is over 15%, he is trying to reignite the entrepreneurial spirit. >> it's about accessibility. it has to be affordable. he leases space for as little as $0.20 per square foot with utilities included. gabriel craig opened a metal shop hear few years ago, $280 a month buys him space that would typically rent for over $1,000. >> trying to think what possibilities are or to show people what possibilities are, that's the real power of what we are doing here. >> andrew ward is a concrete craftsman who recently moved here with his family from north
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carolina. >> i have a certain amount of skill and a desire and ambition, but i don't necessarily have all of the capital behind me to start something. this is giving me the opportunity to start it without as much skin in the game. >> savings that put him in the position to hire. >> i want to build a team. and the number i pick, which i feel like is sort of random but i want to be able to employ 10 people. i want to be able to pay a good wage and provide, you know, a healthy, stable kind of dram-free work environment. >> is there still room to grow? are you at capacity? >> we are at capacity. yeah. so we are really luck. >> however, cooley says he isn't in it for profit. he says that's what's working here can be shared with other communities even if it creates just one job at a time. >> but detroit's financial future is in limbo. after five decades of bleeding jobs, it could take just as long to see widespread both.
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bisi olineri, detroit. >> let's talk about detroit with greg donnelly, the director of the detroit revitalization. we saw phil cooleyts store there. is he a good example of what's happening in detroit? >> i think phil's one of many great examples actually. we are seeing relatively new detroiters. phil has been in the city for about 10 years now. he probably gets labeled with that knew detroiter sort of moniker. we are seeing it from people who have been here their whole lives. i think there is a real excitement that things might be different now. >> do you get the impression there in detroit with business leaders, with people who live there, that the city is it finally, turning a corner? >> absolutely. absolutely. >> why do you say that?
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>> we have grown past that silver bullet idea that seems to have been a part of our con shunness for so many generations where we will say one project like the renaissance center downtown or new stadiums downtown are going to sort of help us turn that corner, and everything else will just flow from that. >> uh-huh? >> we are seeing things happen downtown and in the neighborhoods in many suburban communities. i think it's all of them together for a better shired future. >> what do you think has changed why is this happening now and hasn't happened in the years past? what changed in detroit to try to encourage more people to come there and invest in the city? >> youth it's any one thing. there is a great combination of things maybe that are around people deciding to rally together as opposed to going after their individual efforts and goals to make a buck. and so our program, the detroit
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revitalization program at wayne state might be a good example of that. in 2010/2011, in response to not only the writing that was on the wall prebankruptcy, but, also what had been happening for many decades and inspired by things we saw in places like new orleans, the foundations, business community, wayne state got together and decided to start this program about those mid career doers and how do we find really, really good ways to insert them in all of the organizations around town that need those doers to start connecting with each other in new ways. >> are you finding there is a lot of cooperation, is that, between the bids community and the city government that maybe was not there before?
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>> it's a new day after this bankruptcy we have moved through and giving people an opportunity to be intro expectative and visionary. i don't know it's that we were missing components of our success before as much as now we are more aware of how to coordinate them. >> the city has a long way to go. what do you think is one of detroit' biggest challenges moving forward? >> i think our biggest challenge is our biggest opportunity and that's: house do we make sure we -- how do we make sure we provide room in these conversations about the next detroit, for the new detroiters at the same time as the old detroiters. how do we make sure that we are balanced and that everyone has a seat at the table? thank you for your time? >> thank you for having me.
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>> and detroit's efforts to fight crime. >> first responders with a medication that can immediately reverse the effects of a drug overdose. science and technology correspondent jacob ward explains from san francisco. >> the lock zone, also known as narcan. in 95% of cases, it almost instantaneously reverses the effect of an overdose of heroin or hydrocodone. overdoses have fallen by between 30 and 90%. it simply keeps the drug from binding to the brain and restores breathing in the process. it also inspires remarkable consensus. 17 states have moved to expand access. attorney general eric holder in a speech on wednesday urged policemen, fire fighters should carry it at all times citing 10,000 overdoses reversed by niloxon since 2001.
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in maine, which has seen i see rate of overdose quadruple since the 190s with 163 fatal overdose ins 2012 alone, the governor threatened to ve tote it but after n unanimous voice, maiseems to bee latest state to make it available to policemen and emt is. by the time someone in uniform arrives at the scene of an overdose, it's often too late. the answer may be to simply give it directly to drug users, their families, their friends. most people don't use drugs alone and having it available can be the difference between life and death patrick learned this firsthand. >> what happened is that while i was in minneapolis, acquired heroin stronger than what i was used to in san francisco. when i used it, i basically oded, and when i oded, i was out completely. yes have any time to prepare for it try to save myself or do
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anything. my girlfriend, luckily had training in how to use narcan, saw i was unconscious, not breathe, and came over to me, inserted it into -- you can do it through the nosed, which is how she did it and revived me within about five or 10 minutes. i really hope people can open their eyes and see there is no negatives in giving narcan and narcan training to the general population and it can only do good for the community as a whole and society in general. >> it's tempt to go think drug liars somehow more recklessly indulge in their habit but early studies suggest it may have the opposite effect. >> in clinics where it is prescribed, we have seen really dramatic reductions in overdose deaths, not just deaths but in any overdose events. so maybe noloxin is acting as a behavior change. >> a recent shows 20% of people
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oded during the prior month. survivoring an overdose can be the precipitating factor in sekm to go recover? >> they went out of their way to carry the narcaf to have it on them. >> has a positive effect. when people care about each other, they can care about themselves. >> being prepared to, to fight off death may be the best means of learning how to live again. ask you jacob ward. >> four french journalists are freed after being held almost a year in syria. the four men seen here were taken hostage last year, found by turkish soldiers on the syria/turkey border, their hands bound and they were blindfolded. argues continues to demand the immediate release of four correspondents they are falsely accused of providing a platform to t for the outlawed muslim brotherhood. their kayes has been adjourned.
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the fourth al jazeera journalist in detention has been held without trial since last august. al jazeera rejects all of the charges. is positivepom has blocked the proposed ambassador from entering the u.s. iran named hamid the ambassador but the white house says he was part of the 1979 takeover in iran. he insists he was only a translator at the time. the u.s. and france are fighting over the involvement of the french national railway, nazi death camps. hundreds of survivors living in the united states will demanding the company's american division be barred from contracts unless it pays rep parations. tom ackerman explains. rose et goldstein says every day she is reminded of her family
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murdered by nazi germany. she survived hidden by a french family. it was her native country's national railway which more than sent years ago transported 76,000 jews and other so-called undesirables to their deaths straw on the floor, a bucket in the corner, and they taught their employees how to lock the doors of the cars, the train cars and to clean the train cars after the trip to auschwitz. >> the rail company has always denied being a willing nazi tool but has expressed regret for playing a part in the holocaust. >> the sncf was a cog in the nazi extermination machine. we will not forget it. >> unlike many other companies,
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sncf has refused to compensate victims and the french government has limited the $6,000,000,000 it spent on holocaust reparations to its own citizens and others living elsewhere in europe. more than 200 victims are aiming at their corporate bottom line. the american company controlled by sncf holds $3,000,000,000 worth of contracts to operate american commuter lines including this one. now, it wants to bid on another contract worth twice that amount. campaigners are fighting to bar nscf for competing for business in the state of maryland and in the united states congress, another bill would strip it for immunity that foreign straight controlled companies now enjoy. under that pressure, the french government has begun talks on compensating the survivors in america. victory would be too late for bretholtz who escaped a train
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before it reached the camp in 1942. >> yes, we did send people to death there. we got paid for it. >> two days after his 93rd birthday, he died just before bretholz testified in support. one less victim to be compensated. tom ackerman, al jazeera, washington. >> still ahead here on al jazeera america, an amazing first. evidence that earthlike planets exist beyond our solar system. >>? >> i will never complain about a supermarket line again. >> "borderland here f
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s
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in resent years, astronmembers
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have brought us several amazing discoveries in our solar system and beyond. this week comes news of scientists finding what could be an earth-like planet far, far away. the planet is called kepler 186-s, roughly the same size as earth but nearly 500 light years away scientists believes it -- believe it has the right conditions for water so it could possibly support life. joining me is lisa, a team later at max planck institute for astronme. >> thank you for having me. >> it seems like we kind of are hearing this kind of news every couple of weeks that scientists have discovered an earth-like planet. how big of a deal is this. >> it is a big deal. it's another planet, something we started to chart a couple of years ago really. in search is not even 20 years
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old like the first giant planet was found in 95. now, a couple of years in, 15, 20 years in, we actually already finding planets that are the size of our own planet. last year, we had two planets, one 40% big, one 50% bigger. and kepler, basically, day before yesterday, they announced that we had first one that's even smaller so 10% bigger than our own earth. the race is on. there are a couple of exciting ones coming up as well. these planets are so far away, we are not going to be able to visit them. how useful is this information really? >> so the useful information is really we need to know what's out there. we want to know what's out there, like having our first glance above the horizon and we
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usually are stiuck on. finding out how many planets like ours potentially, as you said, we can't say if there is water and we can't say if there is life, we need better technology for that, but we found the first rocky bodies out there. so bail what it tells us is that they are all around, every other star seems to have at least a planet and every 5th to 10 star seems to have an earth or a potential earth. right? so with billions of stars in the millyy way alone, planets like ours could be everywhe. if you shrink our solar system to the size of an oreo cookie, if you want to do that, this planet is about 250 football fields away. >> that's what we are talking about. >> yeah. >> so far away and extreme to
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try to figure out. the bottom line is when you discover these planets,t that are like earth in that sweet spot that you say, not too warm, not too cold, the hope is that eventually, we may discover life out there. correct? >> absolutely. and this is where there is a key that in 2017, we are going to launch the next mention called test, and then we are going to see exactly what the keple does but it's doing it for pfeiffer 00 light years away but test will look at the closest stars you can see, find similar planets there and those ones, we can then actually look at the atmosphere that you could potentially breathe or not. >> really? we are going to look at closer planets and have a better understanding of what's on those planets than we can with this one that was discovered? >> absolutely. 217, two years later we will have the ones in our
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neighborhood because it was hard to get funding because everyone was saying maybe there is one earth around 100,000 stars but now we know there are so many, we can just launch a small satellite so it's not very big and scan the whole sky in two years and find all of closest ones. >> that's the next step after these exciting discovery gets the close ones in there, we can actually get in there and figure out if we are normal or if we are special. >> one step at a time as we learn more and more about what's out there. lease a caltaneger, thank you for your time today. >> you are welcome. thanks for having me. >> al jazeera takes you beyond the immigration debate. our new critically-acclaimed series, "border land" begins this weekend. following the footsteps of immigrants who want to make a new life in america. claudette's brother has invited
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them to the family home for dinner. >> speaking sp [speaking spanish.) claudette's mother is struggling with the loss of her only daughter. >> their lives here, like what they do. i really feel really, really comfortable. i felt right at home. they have arrived.
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being a vegan right now. they are amazing filled with love. she would do anything. her mom talks about her love for her family and her brothers, you know, sammy. but they are hurting. a side of compassion, understanding, you know. sometimes, we get all of these ideas about immigrants, that we are criminals, dirty, nasty, don't speak the language, they don't want to similate and this misinformation makes nothing but hat red. perhaps we will never agree politically. but that's okay.
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>> that's a preview. tomorrow night, second episode of borderland airs this sunday at 9:00 p.m. eastern. still ahead, out with the old and in with the old. it's national record day. we will tell you why vinyl is coming back in style. >> the debate that divides america, unites the critics, a reason to watch al jazeera america the standout television event borderland, is gritty honesty. >> a lot of people don't have a clue what goes on down here, the only way to find out, is to see it yourselves. >> taking viewers beyond the debate. >> don't miss al jazeera america's critically acclaimed series borderland on al jazeera america also available on demand
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>> every saturday, join us for exclusive, revealing, and surprising talks with the most interesting people of our time. >> everywhere i go there they are wanting to tell dr. jane
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what their doing... >> the inspirational dr. jane goodall talks to john seganthaller >> i started with a notebook, and a pair of secondhand binoculars. which was all i could afford... >> and reveals the remarkable human nature of chimpanzees. >> they have a dark side, and that made them more like us than i had thought before. talk to al jazeera only on al jazeera america finally, this hour, today marks the 8th annual record store day, to celebrate the history and culture of vinyl shops. jonathan martin shows us why vinyl is making a comeback. >> it's in this location that the first beatles seven-inch in america was pressed. >> it's the largest vinyl record plant in the united states. for more than 60 years, it has been making and distributing vinyl all over the world. 30 hydraulic presses push out one album every 30 seconds. it's a science and a skill as
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well as an art. >> cds all but killed the lp industry 30 years ago. vinyl sales have turned a corner. in 2013, lp sales increased by more than 30% while the trend is up, the number of vinyl sold is a fraction of music sales. what's behind the resurgent. it will just sound better on vinyl. >> few would debate it's the best sound experience. >> there is a revival of the appreciation of the object, itself, from the cover to the inside sleeve, albums put art at the forefront of the musical experience. >> those people who prefer having something tactile and want that optimum listening experience are the people who have gone back to final. >> jack white solo album, blunderbus. >> graeme award winning jack white focusing on lps is nothing
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new. he started third man records five years ago. albums have been a key come potent? >> this isn't new for us. >> what is new is that while album sales are climbing, digital music downloads are diving. in 2013, for the first time since the dawn of itunes, digital sales fell. to a smaller degree vinyl all contributed to the decline. vinyl is so hot and the albums are move so fast, grimy's record sto store, is having records fly off shelves. >> it's addicting. i find once i sell somebody a turn table, they are in here every week. >> most vinyl releases come with a digital component giving record owners the an log sound they love with the convenience they love. showing vinyl has staying power to keep on spinning through generations to come. jonathan martin, al jazeera,
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nashville. >> keep spinning. the classics never die. >> does it for us on this saturday afternoon. i will back in a more than because "talk toays" starts right now no on al jazeera america. have a great weekend. >> i do get angry when i think of, you know, the unsustainable lifestyle of so many of the materialistic western-based culture. >> jane goodall is famous for her trailblazing o with champ pan zees. the subject of her latest book isler love ofnator chimpanzees. >> she
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